Essential Oils

Essential oils are concentrated volatile aromatic compounds produced by plants - the essences that give plants their wonderful scents.

Steam distillation is the most common type of extraction, and as a result of only requiring heating to just above the boiling point of water, is considered gentle enough for most essential oils.

The most effective way to use most of them is by external application or inhalation. The methods used include body oils, compresses, cosmetic lotions, baths, hair rinses, inhalation (in a diffuser or oil lamp, by steam, directly from the bottle or from a tissue), perfumes and room sprays.

These oils are extremely potent - some will cause skin irritation or have other harmful effects if not used properly. Unless specifically noted, it is best to dilute all essential oils in a carrier oil like Almond, Apricot Kernel or Jojoba before applying to the skin - appropriate dilution is usually 1 - 10% essential oil in carrier.



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Medicinal Properties of Essential Oils

ANALGESIC - A substance which relieves pain.
Birch, Black Pepper, Roman Chamomile, Eucalyptus, Ginger Root, Lavender, Lemongrass, Sweet Marjoram, Peppermint, Wild Rosemary

ANTI-BACTERIAL - An agent which prevents the growth of or destroys bacteria.
Basil, Clove, Eucalyptus, Geranium, Grapefruit, Helichrysum, Lavender, Lemon, Lemongrass, Lime, Orange, Oregano, Rosewood

ANTI-CATARRHAL - An agent which helps remove excess mucus (catarrh) from the respiratory or lymph systems and the body itself.
Eucalyptus, Ginger, Frankincense, Helichrysum, Lemongrass, Ravensara, Rosemary, Sandalwood

ANTI-DEPRESSANT - An agent which helps alleviate depression.
Basil, Frankincense, Geranium, Lavender, Orange, Sandalwood

ANTI-FUNGAL - An agent which prevents and combats fungal infection.
Cinnamon Bark, Clove, Geranium, Lavender, Lemon, Lemongrass, Oregano, Rosewood, Sage, Thyme

ANTI-INFECTIOUS - An agent which prevents and combats the spread of germs.
Oregano, Pine

ANTI-INFLAMMATORY - An agent which alleviates inflammation.
Basil, Bergamot, Birch, Roman Chamomile, Helichrysum, Lavender, Lemongrass, Myrrh, Peppermint, Thyme

ANTI-MICROBIAL - An agent which resists or destroys pathogenic micro-organisms.
Cinnamon Bark, Helichrysum, Lemon, Myrrh, Rosemary, Sage, Thyme

ANTI-PARASITIC - An agent which prevents and destroys parasites.
Basil, Oregano

ANTI-RHEUMATIC - Helps prevent and relieve rheumatism.
Birch, Eucalyptus, Helichrysum, Oregano, Rosemary, Thyme

ANTI-SEPTIC - Destroys and prevents the development of microbes.
Cinnamon Bark, Ginger, Grapefruit, Lavender, Lemon, Lime, Marjoram, Ravensara, Sandalwood, Tangerine

ANTI-SPASMODIC - Prevents and eases spasms or convulsions.
Birch, Roman Chamomile, Eucalyptus, Helichrysum, Lavender, Marjoram

ANTI-VIRAL - Substance which inhibits the growth of a virus.
Clove, Eucalyptus, Myrrh, Oregano, Ravensara, Rosewood, Sage

IMMUNE-STIMULANT - An agent which stimulates the natural defense mechanism of the body.
Frankincense, Lemon, Oregano, Thyme



Some oils can cause sensitization or allergic reactions in some individuals. When using a new oil for the first time, do a skin patch test on a small area of skin.

Place a small amount of the diluted essential oil (never use essential oils undiluted on the skin) on the inside of your elbow and apply a bandage. Wait 24 hours to see if there is any type of reaction. Even if a particular essential oil is not known to cause irritation, this step should not be ignored.

These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. These suggestions are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.

Blending Essential Oils

Size Conversions:
3 teaspoons (tsp) = 1 tablespoon (tbsp)
2 tablespoons (tbsp) = 1 ounce (oz)
6 teaspoons (tsp) = 1 ounce (oz)
10 milliliter (ml) = 1/3 oz.
15 milliliter (ml) = 1/2 oz.
30 milliliter (ml) = 1 oz.
10 milliliter (ml) = approximately 300 drops


Generally, two drops of Essential Oil (use only Therapeutic Grade Essential Oils) should be used per tsp of Carrier Oil (but follow individual recipes if available) and it takes about one to two ounces of carrier oil for a full body massage. Any natural carrier oil except mineral oil is fine to use when preparing a massage blend. There are lots to choose from and each has its own properties.

Important Note: The information provided on this website is for educational purposes only. This data is not considered complete and is not guaranteed to be accurate.

General Safety Information: Do not take any oils internally without consultation from a qualified practitioner. Do not apply undiluted essential oils, absolutes, CO2s or other concentrated essences onto the skin. If you are pregnant, epileptic, have liver damage, have cancer, or have any other medical problem, use oils only under the proper guidance of a qualified practitioner. Use extreme caution when using oils with children and give children only the gentlest oils at extremely low doses. It is safest to consult a qualified practitioner before using oils with children. A skin patch test should be conducted prior to using an oil that you've never used before.





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